Young Patients with Diabetes to reduce risks of diabetes

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease where the body does not manage glucose (sugar) correctly, leading to an increase in the level of glucose in the blood. Diabetes is a life-long chronic disorder, where high blood glucose levels (also known as hyperglycaemia) need to be treated in order to make the best use of food as fuel for the body to remain healthy.

Cells in the body need the hormone insulin to be able to use glucose for energy. Insulin is produced in the pancreas, which is a leaf-shaped organ that sits in the upper abdomen.  In diabetes, the pancreas can no longer produce enough insulin to manage blood glucose levels properly.

Children with untreated diabetes can become very sick very quickly, so it is vitally important for a child suspected of having diabetes to go to hospital as an emergency and be referred to a paediatric endocrinologist.

It is just as important to remember that while there is currently no cure for diabetes, it can be treated, controlled and managed successfully.