Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems

Hormones are the chemicals secreted by endocrine glands. They play a major role in metabolism, regulation of physiological processes, and overall development of body. In some cases, specialised devices are used to balance the hormone levels.

Continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMS) are used in the management of diabetes.

(CGMS) give a continuous readout of the glucose levels in the body's tissues. The glucose in the tissues closely reflects the amount of glucose in the blood stream.

How is it done?

A sensor about the size of a strand of hair -- is inserted under the skin and into the fat. This is similar to inserting an insulin needle or pump needle. The sensor is held in place by adhesive tape.

It stays in place for 6 to 7 days.

The sensor measures the glucose level and transmits the results either to an insulin pump or a transmitter.

Once the sensor is removed, the data is downloaded on to a computer and a report is generated for you and your doctor so you can see what has been happening with your child's BGLs for the previous 6 to 7 days.

Some BLG tests will still be needed to calibrate the system.

How is the CGMS beneficial to my child?

CGMS provides a complete picture, revealing patterns of hyperglycaemia and hypoglycaemia that may be missed by other methods of glucose testing and monitoring —it is a very helpful tool, enabling for example our diabetes management educator Eunice Lang to show your child what is happening, when and why with blood glucose levels.

Most CGMS have alarm systems that tell you when you are getting close to the limits you have pre-set for high and low blood glucose levels (BGLs).