Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is a chromosomal genetic disorder associated with intellectual disability and certain physical traits. Children with Down syndrome have characteristic physical features that distinguish them from other children. These include:

  • Flattened bridge of nose
  • Short stature
  • Short hands and feet
  • Short, wide neck
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Eyes with an upward slant and characteristic skin folds at the inner corners
  • Low set small ears
  • Irregular mouth, tongue and teeth

Besides these physical features, Down syndrome may also be accompanied by certain physical impairments such as:

  • Delay in development of motor skills such as feeding, dressing, toilet training and speech
  • Low muscle strength
  • Problems with isolating and extending the index finger
  • Motor planning problems
  • Poor eye-hand coordination
  • Shoulder girdle weakness
  • Visual abnormalities such as squint, cataracts, near-sightedness or farsightedness

A well-balanced diet and regular physical activity are recommended to improve muscle tone as well as cardiovascular and respiratory fitness. Physical, occupational and speech therapy can assist to accelerate development in various areas so your child can reach their full potential.