Diabetes Treatment

What is a Treatment for Diabetes

The treatment options for diabetes depends on the type:

  • Type 1 diabetes: Insulin injections have to be taken as the body produces little or no insulin. You will have to maintain a strict diet and exercise plan to maintain a steady level of glucose in the blood.
  • Type 2 diabetes: Healthy eating and increased physical activity promoting a healthy weight is important. You may be also prescribed medication to regulate the levels of insulin in your body. These may be taken orally or as injections.

What’s involved in treating my child with Type 1 Diabetes?

  • Diabetes cannot be cured – yet.
  • It can be managed.
  • The management of Type 1 Diabetes involves a combination of insulin by injection or pump, exercise, diet management and regular blood sugar measurements.
  • Queensland Paediatric Endocrinology recommends that all newly diagnosed children with Type 1 Diabetes start on an insulin pump as soon as possible (within 1 month). This requires a short admission into hospital: Mater Children’s or Wesley in Brisbane or St Vincent’s in Toowoomba. If your child has been admitted into a public hospital, hospital transfer can be arranged.
  • While we advocate insulin pumps, some families choose multiple daily injections of insulin: our experienced diabetes educator teaches correct injection techniques.
  • Children with Type 1 Diabetes need regular specialist care as their medical needs change as they grow. Activities and illness also affect their treatments.
  • Queensland Paediatric Endocrinology provides the team back-up needed for your child to develop to their full potential.

What if Diabetes is Untreated?

If left untreated, blood sugar can reach abnormally high levels leading to a condition called hyperglycaemia. Uncontrolled diabetes can result in complications such as damage to tiny blood vessels of the eyes, heart, kidneys and brain, leading to heart disease, stroke, blindness and kidney disease.

Other problems include nerve damage, which can cause loss of sensitivity in various parts of the body, and poor blood flow to the feet, which can make them susceptible to poorly healing cuts and blisters that may require amputation.